Nokia’s scope includes phasing out all brominated and chlorinated compounds and antimony trioxide as specified in the Nokia Substance List requirements and definitions.
Background and rationale
The EU RoHS directive 2002/95/EC prohibited the use of brominated flame retardants PBB and PBDE in electronics after 1.7.2006. PBB or PBDE are not used in Nokia products. Prior to any legal requirements Nokia started voluntary activities phasing out chlorine, bromine or antimony trioxide with good progress to date.
Requirements and implementation
Nokia follows the precautionary principle. Where we have reasonable grounds for concern over the possibility of severe or irreversible damage to health or the environment, we believe that lack of full scientific certainty should not be an obstacle to triggering actions to gather and assess additional data. This may lead us to take voluntarily steps, e.g. to substitute substances of concern with safer alternatives, where feasible alternatives are available.
We aspire to go beyond legislation and compliance, and proactively drive the development and efficient use of more sustainable materials. We promote innovative and sustainable material choices, and work on this in close collaboration with our suppliers.
The Nokia Substance List identifies substances that we have banned, restricted, or targeted for reduction with the aim of phasing out their use in our products. Nokia Substance List contains also up-to-date definition on restriction for brominated and chlorinated compounds and antimony trioxide. NSL is divided into two sections, Restriction in Force and Monitored Substances. We work together with our suppliers in investigating alternative materials and solutions that will help us fully eliminate restricted or monitored substances from our total product line. The Nokia Substance List is updated annually. In addition, we give interim updates on individual substance phase outs as needed in our web pages.
Nokia is the first mobile phone manufacturer which, in close cooperation with its suppliers, has full material declaration for mobile devices. This means we can respond swiftly if new concerns arise about substances we use. Full material declaration should also be driven forward as an alternative for compulsory testing, in any case, compliance should be easily verified.
Our substance management requirements include the need to know, control and manage the material content of the components and parts supplied. We expect our suppliers to integrate environmental considerations in their design procedures and supply chain management. Our suppliers must record the material content of products supplied to Nokia and make these records available to us on request. We check that they are complying with these requirements and other social and ethical standards through audits and inspections.
History and case examples
At Nokia the substance management has long history. Already at late 1970’s Nokia issued internal instructions on Chemicals Control. The Nokia Substance list (NSL) introduction dates back to year 2000, and on 2001 the first public version of NLS was introduced. The further steps have been illustrated at our website.
The assessment of the elimination of halogenated flame retardants started already in the last century and the phase out plan of brominated flame retardants was introduced publicly in Nokia Substance List in 2001.
Restriction of brominated and chlorinated flame retardants came into force for Printed Wiring Boards in Nokia Substance List in 2004. In addition to PWBs, the elimination of brominated and chlorinated compounds and antimony trioxide continued for other components and parts. On 4th November 2008 we introduced our first device, Nokia 7100 Supernova that is free of brominated compounds, antimony trioxide and even free of chlorinated flame retardants.
Since the introduction of Nokia 7100 Supernova, we’ve launched in total 16 new models that are free of these substances. The status of a product’s compliance can always be found in the respective eco declaration. A list of the models is also available on request.
Our commitment is not, however, just about a few devices but we are phasing out the use of all brominated, chlorinated and antimony compounds across our whole global product range when technically suitable alternative materials are available. Already from the beginning of 2009 we have been introducing products free of these substances to all regions. Our aim is to have all new products launched after end of 2009 free of these substances, as defined in Nokia Substance List.