The effects of radio waves or radiofrequency (RF) fields have been studied for more than 60 years. A great deal of research has been completed, and the findings have been regularly reviewed by government agencies, international health organisations such as the World Health Organisation (WHO) and other scientific bodies. According to the WHO, electromagnetic fields are one of the best studied agents, making the body of scientific evidence robust and reliable.
Periodic reviews consistently support the scientific conclusion that exposure to RF fields at or below the limits prescribed by international exposure standards such as the International Commission on Non-Ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) and the WHO present no adverse effects to humans.
Since 1995, expert panels and government agencies have performed more than 110 reviews of the scientific evidence regarding health effects from RF exposure.
In May 2006, in Fact Sheet No. 304, the WHO concluded: “Considering the very low exposure levels and research results collected to date, there is no convincing scientific evidence that the weak RF signals from base stations and wireless networks cause adverse health effects.”
Nokia activities in research on mobile telephony and health
Nokia has funded or co-funded independent research on mobile telephony and health through the Mobile Manufacturers Forum. The research programs and projects which have been mainly funded jointly with governmental organisations and other industry fora are listed at MMF website.
Evidence from experts, regulatory authorities and government agencies
Since 1995, expert panels and government agencies have performed more than 110 reviews of the scientific evidence regarding health effects from RF exposure. The reviews consistently support the scientific conclusion that RF fields operated at levels below the limits prescribed by international exposure standards, and based on the recommendations of ICNIRP and the WHO, present no adverse effects to humans.
The research also provides the scientific basis for regulating radio-transmitting devices including mobile phones and base station antennas. There are national and international guidelines that detail safe levels for exposure of the public. Such regulation is robustly applied in most countries, through monitoring and enforcement.
Organisations involved in specifying limits include:
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
International Commission on Non-Ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP)
What the experts are saying
“A large number of studies have been performed over the last two decades to assess whether mobile phones pose a potential health risk. To date, no adverse health effects have been established as being caused by mobile phone use.”
World Health Organisation (WHO) June 2011
Fact sheet 193
Read WHO fact sheet 193
“Results of epidemiological studies to date give no consistent or convincing evidence of a causal relation between RF exposure and any adverse health effect.”
Taken from a review by the Standing Committee on Epidemiology, International Commission on Non-Ionising Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), on exposure to high frequency electromagnetic fields, biological effects and health consequences (100 kHz-300 GHz).
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“The Nordic authorities agree that there is no scientific evidence for adverse health effects caused by radiofrequency field strengths in the normal living environment at present. This conclusion concurs with the opinion of international scientific and advisory bodies listed as references below [ICNIRP,1998 and 2009; WHO, 2005 and 2006; SCENIHR 2009; SSI`s Independent Expert Group on Electromagnetic Fields, 2007]. The Nordic authorities therefore at present see no need for a common recommendation for further actions to reduce these radiofrequency fields.”
Taken from a joint statement by the Nordic Radiation Safety Authorities on exposure of the general public to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.
Download joint statement by Nordic Radiation Safety Authority
“The scientific consensus is that, apart from the increased risk of a road accident due to mobile phone use when driving, there is no clear evidence of adverse health effects from the use of mobile phones or from phone masts.”
Taken from the UK Health Protection Agency (HPA) website.
Visit HPA website