Our first onsite installations for the generation of renewable energy are in place
Nokia has purchased renewable electricity since 2006. Now our first onsite installations for the generation of renewable energy are in place: fuel cells at the Sunnyvale, CA property in the United States and a biofuel station at SEZ business park in Chennai, India.
The fuel cells represent state-of-the-art onsite energy solution at Nokia's Silicon Valley office. The fuel cell is a solid oxide fuel cell that produces reliable electricity through electrochemical reactions: that is to say, there is no combustion. The fuel cells can run on natural gas, biogas, or a combination of the two. Nokia is using 75-80% biogas, more specifically, landfill gas, in Sunnyvale. When using natural gas, CO2 emissions are reduced by approximately 35% and with biogas they drop to zero.
The Chennai Business Park, where our factory is located, started to use biogas in July 2011. Bio waste and food waste from companies in the park is collected and used for biogas generation. The biogas generated in the plant is used in a central kitchen to heat water. This biogas replaces around 5% of fossil-based LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) used in the kitchen, so this investment was made mainly as a solution for treating bio waste. It also simultaneously supports, however, Nokia's intention to introduce onsite renewable energy production.
In addition to studying possibilities to increase our onsite renewable energy production, our intention is to maintain the purchase of renewable energy via grid and via renewable energy certificates approximately in the current level of 35%. Slow development of renewable energy markets in some of the countries we operate continues to be a challenge for us.