5G is your opportunity to become the company you were meant to be. But how do you serve everyone and everything, while maximizing returns? The answer lies in rethinking the core. Our 5G Standalone Core frees the innovation within your network, so you can automate, customize and monetize your core with total confidence. Nokia proudly celebrates that CSPs and Enterprises all over the world are partnering with us to deliver the extraordinary.
What is 5G Core? Is 5G worth it?
The 5G 3GPP architecture relies upon the 5G Standalone (5G SA) New Radio and the 5G Standalone Core (5G SA Core). The architectural design of Nokia's core is inherently cloud-native: its open, modular structure, coupled with 5G Service Based Architecture (5G SBA) make it practical to introduce future network functions and allow any function to be implemented and scaled, rapidly, whenever, and wherever required. Network functions are deployed as micro-services, where business logic is delivered as small, modular stateless services. The 5GC SA network functions can be moved to the edge of the network, satisfying the low latency demands of critical machine type communication by providing unprecedented levels of automation across an end-to-end network to fulfill the needs of new services and applications.
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What are 5G Core network functions?
Related questions include: What are the 5G core components? What is the core IP network? What is included in the core network? What is the 5G network architecture? What is the difference between 4G and 5G network architecture?
The 5G Core network functions, shown in light-blue for 5G SA2, resemble the 4G Core network elements, in that they provide familiar capabilities for mobility management, routing, security, policy control, charging, and subscriber data management. However, because the 5G core architecture is built using cloud-native technology including a 5G Service Based Architecture (5G SBA), the 5G core network elements take on a more software-based naming of network functions.
Furthermore, new capabilities are introduced in 5G Standalone Core, including:
- 5G policy control, which determines the resources and services that can be used to support connected devices.
- Broadband Network Gateway, for convergence with wireline networks
- 5G core signaling, including the Network Repository Function, Service Communication Proxy, Security Edge Protection Proxy, and Binding Support Function
- Network Data Analytics Function, for extraction, processing and secure provision of data analytics for AI/ML applications
- Slice management, including the Network Slice Selection Function.
What are 5G’s challenges?
What are the challenges when shifting to a cloud-native architecture and a service based architecture (SBA)? The 5G SA core (5GC) delivers ultra-reliable connectivity and low latency performance, which are critical to Industry 4.0, massively scaling Internet of Things (IoT), and the blending of physical and virtual experiences. The challenges in achieving this transformation include:
- How to profit with services such as network slicing, which enables many applications and services to be used by many people and things.
- How to simplify with a core geared for extreme automation, efficient operations, prevents errors from affecting productivity, and quickly scales larger and smaller when matching resources and demand.
- How to open the core, so that it works across multi-cloud, serves any access, and is deployable anywhere including edge cloud. With the core’s open APIs, CSPs can create new services with their customers and partners.
- How to be confident that the core delivers financial, operational and strategic benefits, while ensuring the transition is efficient, effective and secure.
The difference between 5G SA and 5G NSA
How should a CSP deploy a 5G Standalone architecture? What is the best path from 4G EPC or 5G NSA to 5G SA? CSP network strategists must consider these questions when planning how they will deliver 5G’s full potential. Learn more from our in-depth materials.
How to secure the 5G core?
5G Core security, data protection and privacy are increasingly important with the evolution of networks to 5G NR, because of the 5G Core’s critical role in enabling mission-critical applications, Industry 4.0, IoT services, and consumer personalization. Trust is a vital attribute for these applications and services.
Nokia takes the security built into our products seriously. Our 5G Core is designed for privacy and security, with layered protection based on defense-in-depth design and zero-trust principles and tested against 5G-specific use cases. CSPs get full control to secure their 5G services, thanks to the pervasive and automated security management built into our design practices, 5G core software, XDR security software, and NetGuard Cybersecurity Dome.
How does 5G Core network automation allow further benefits?
Previously, mobile core and telco cloud were automated for the sake of reducing costs, using a telco network element approach. This created islands of automation, which manipulated the element management systems.
The introduction of 5G's architecture and Web-scale/IT's cloud techniques changes the automation equation, enabling an automation framework based on the exposure of automation elements to each other via APIs and the creation of closed-loops with feedback. AI/ML can be used to achieve further benefits, such as automated avoidance of predicted faults.
What is network slicing?
CSPs use core network slicing to create and run separate networks on shared cloud infrastructure. These independent networks enable service-specific Service Level Agreements (SLAs) for connectivity, mobility, capacity, security, redundancy and performance.
The cloud-native mobile core is the anchor of 4G and 5G network slices, because it controls device subscriptions and slice selection. The core is responsible for its sub-slice and the instantiation and configuration of the required 5G Core network functions. The 5G Core network functions’ deployment depends on the attributes of the specific core slice, such as coverage area, throughput, latency, resource sharing level, number of user equipment, etc.
How to deploy 5G standalone core on public cloud and hybrid cloud?
Take advantage of 5G standalone core on public cloud & hybrid cloud infrastructure, automation, analytics, and innovation. Extending the 5G core to edge cloud and across any cloud helps enable fast time-to-market, investment agility, quicker operations, and new business opportunities with enterprises.
What will Software as a Service (SaaS) mean for the 5G Core?
CSPs and Enterprises will benefit from 5G Core SaaS by using network on demand, getting a faster speed to market, easy and fast scaling (larger and smaller), and OpEx-based simplicity. Core networks are highly complex and must be resilient and reliable. Yet SaaS changes the way core networks are deployed and operated. Therefore, a 5G Core SaaS must be dependable and operate in a manner that fits the CSP’s or Enterprise’s needs. We are building 5G Core SaaS per 3GPP architecture and slicing, so that you can choose to deploy an entire core, or just a portion, or extend your existing network capabilities. We invite you to explore the nearby 5G Core SaaS materials.
See Nokia 5G Core deployment case studies
CSPs can be confident our 5G Standalone Core provides the lowest possible risk while ensuring reliability and protecting their brand value, even as they proceed to disrupt the market with innovative offers. Explore these CSPs, and more:
- T-Mobile US, with the world’s first nationwide 5G Standalone service
- Telia Nordics, evolving to 5G and rolling out the 5G Standalone Core
- DISH Wireless US, with the world’s first 5G Standalone deployed in AWS’s cloud
- Telenet Belgium, deploying the 5G Standalone Core onto Google Anthos
Why choose Nokia for 5G Standalone Core?
Nokia cloud-native mobile core is in live commercial service, serving 5G Standalone (5G SA) and 5G Non-Standalone (5G NSA), plus 4G, 2G/3G, unlicensed wireless, and fixed access. Our core enables CSPs’ profitability, because it:
- Uses cloud-native architecture and infrastructure-agnostic design. Deploy it on any cloud – private, public or hybrid cloud, centralized or edge cloud, with optimized performance for any deployment model.
- Is equipped with extreme automation and it simplifies 5G’s complexity with the latest technology to boost your revenues and reduce costs. Open and programmable, it creates an innovation engine for a strategic business advantage – today.
- Delivers on stringent reliability & quality requirements. It is created & delivered with our broad portfolio and global experience, proven across a leading number of 5G Standalone Core and cloud deployments.
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5G Core Automation
The road ahead is connected. Make ground-breaking technology work for everyday life
5G Core on Hybrid Cloud
Pivot to new opportunities with 5G Core deployed on hyperscalers’ public cloud and hybrid cloud
Having the right 5G signaling architecture from start is essential for business success.
Related products and solutions
Cloud Native Communication Suite
Avoid complexity and run the voice network efficiently
Cloud Packet Core
Reach new heights in performance to deliver 5G services with confidence
Digital Operations Center
A new breed of service orchestration and service assurance for network slicing
Or learn even more, using this index of our 5G Core’s products, solutions and collaterals
5G Core overall:
- (eBook) 5G Standalone Core
- (infographic) 5G Core interactive exploration
- (paper) DISH Wireless, 5G on AWS public cloud
- (paper) Innovate and execute with a simplified 5G Core
- (podcast) The hero hiding in 5G
- (video) 5G Core: make it real
- (video) Core Networks - In a nutshell
- (video) Nokia 5G SA Core
- (video) Nokia Core Talk: How did they do it? DISH, Nokia and the world’s first 5G on AWS’s public cloud
- (video) Telenet Belgium selected Google Anthos & Nokia to deploy their cloud-native 5G Standalone Core
- (video) Telia CTO talks 5G evolution and rolling out Nokia 5G Standalone Core
NSA to SA transition:
- (blog) How to tackle the burning issue of moving from 4G NSA to SA
- (paper) NSA to SA 5G transition
- (video) Standalone and non-standalone 5G
- (webinar) 5G Standalone: why, how, and how fast?