Driving global standards
We are the inventors that have unlocked generations of standards from 2G to 5G, from ADSL to 50G PON and from MPEG-I to H.266. We have been a key player in moving these technologies from ideas into concepts, and from the lab to actual mass-scale and worldwide commercial deployments. Today we are ushering in a new era of rapid acceleration in connectivity that will transform societies, and industries and enrich lives. Looking forward, we are preparing global standards for the next generation in cellular, network technologies, multimedia and devices, with an emphasis on sustainability.
At Nokia, we create technology that helps the world act together, and defining standards is a key element in doing that.
Global standards are essential to the world of technology
The telecommunication industry is based on standards. For technology to work around the world, there must be a basic set of agreed-upon principles. That’s why standards are essential: they ensure that products and services work the way that we expect, are compatible and make life safer and modern. To a larger degree, they also create a fairer, more sustainable world.
Society benefits from a clear set of standards that are accepted and implemented by all. At Nokia, we strive to answer this call and lead the way to bring the industry together.
Interoperability is making sure things work on different systems and devices, and that technology is aligned across various platforms. Having standards does not mean that there is no room for differentiation or competition. On the contrary. Standards are a catalyst for continuous innovation in a transparent manner. The specific innovative implementation of a standard is the true differentiator. These technologies need to be ubiquitous but also meet various local regulations in a responsible, efficient manner.
During the creation of new standards, competitors, partners, suppliers and customers are all part of the same endeavour and therefore only the best proposal – and the most valuable from a technical and business perspective - will survive. Being in the same room to work on similar ideas is a guarantee for technological excellence, as only the best proposal will prevail. No one company can hope to create or own, all the elements required as we move from the 5G age into the 6G era. We need to establish partnerships as well as lead and participate in ecosystems to explore new opportunities and drive the creation of new products and services that deliver greater financial and societal value.
Healthy business environment
Every player in the ecosystem can become active at a global level. Vendors can sell globally, and high investments in R&D can be spread. Buyers can source equipment or solutions globally. All eco-system parties can benefit in this way and have an impact at scale. To achieve this globally we need to open the power of networks – to everyone. Standards also ensure there is no lock-in overtime.
Key attributes of a successful standard
We believe that our deep technical expertise and our consensus-building mentality are key to creating successful global standards. Consensus-based standards are developed in cooperation with all parties that have an interest in participating in the development or use of a standard. We ensure that the standards development process is open to all interested parties and that all input and viewpoints are considered and treated fairly. Therefore, we collaborate closely with our competitors, our partners, our suppliers and our customers to arrive at one global standard that creates an inclusive, secure and more sustainable world.
We are leading technology standardization
Our world-class standardization experts are internationally renowned in their field. Nokia holds more than 100 board members, chairs and other official positions across all key standardization and industry groups. Nokia is active in 300 standardization and industry organizations globally.
The six focus areas of our standardization activities
For 30 years, Nokia has defined many of the fundamental technologies used in virtually all mobile devices and networks, including consumer products, IoT-connected industrial equipment and vehicles. It has been instrumental through its GSM, 3G, LTE, 5G and now 5G-Advanced standards leadership in enabling entire solutions and ecosystems built on these.
Nokia has played a key role in driving the first set of globally interoperable 5G standards to completion with 3GPP Release 15. We continue to realize the holistic 5G vision within 3GPP Releases 16, 17 and now with 5G-Advanced starting with Release 18 and, later, Release 19.
We lead the work in O-RAN ALLIANCE with a clear vision for the future of communications and opportunities as outlined in the Nokia vision. Nokia is the #1 contributor to the overall technical work.
Over the past two decades, we have created almost 5,000 inventions that enable multimedia products and services. We continue to play a leading role in multimedia research and standardization. Our expertise is built on continuous investment to advance the industry.
We have been instrumental in the development of market-adopted video codecs, have a leading portfolio of Standard Essential Patents (SEPs) and a broad scope of non-SEPs.
Through our contributions to open standards, Nokia has defined many of the fundamental technologies used in video compression today. Without these technologies, streaming high-definition video over fixed and cellular networks would not be possible.
Standards innovation goes hand in hand with device and network implementation and forms the focus for our pioneering work in 3GPP standard development. Through active participation in standardization work, our mission is to ensure that new device architectures and interfaces deliver real-world use cases while also inspiring greater collaboration among our customers and industry partners.
As 5G-advanced evolves and we move toward 6G, our standardization experts are exploring connectivity and interaction systems in future form factors from XR to low power NR-Light devices, AI, and new power and energy management which ultimately will shape the way we live, work and interact digitally with the world around us.
Our ambition is to ensure device related standards, provide value for the end user and industry, and those standards are ready for product implementation. Our research creates device technology innovation, which we contribute to standardization for the industry community and for the benefit of consumers.
Read more about our devices standardization activities
We are leading technology standardization in the wireline infrastructure and networking services area such as wired fixed access & home networking development, transport, IP and segment routing, Ethernet VPN and IP-based data centers.
We are a leading contributor to fixed networking in IETF, IEEE, ITU-T including next generation of fiber access. Nokia invented and championed L4S (Low Latency, Low Loss, and Scalable Throughput) RFCs approved in IETF. We are the #1 declared-patent holder on copper and fiber access technology.
In the Broadband Forum (BBF), Nokia leads the specification of wireline-wireless convergence and Broadband Network Gateway (BNG) disaggregation.
Spectrum availability is a fundamental enabler of wireless communications. Nokia is engaged with regulators and industry partners to make harmonized spectrum available for cost-effective IMT deployments while protecting other services. We are a key voice on spectrum matters, recognized as a trusted partner for service providers, and a respected industry player for national administrations. We are also a key contributor to ITU-R and regional fora.
Environmental, Social and Governance
Sustainability is at the core of our business. We are actively engaged in creating standards for environmental impact assessment, energy saving and energy-efficient networks. We are also involved in Artificial Intelligence governance standardization to ensure the ethical, trustworthy and responsible use of AI. Standards support minimizing our environmental footprint, maximizing our environmental handprint and conducting responsible business practices. We are engaged in standardization activities at the ITU-T SG5, ETSI EE, ISO SC42 and other SDOs.
Facts and figures
invested in R&D since 2000, including €4.5 bn+ in 2022 alone
patent families, of which more than 6,000 declared essential for 5G
inventions on which patents were filed in 2022
Hear from our world-class experts
Webinar 2024-25 CSP & Enterprise priorities
Podcast episode 67: Your guide to 5G-Advanced
5G-Advanced in 3GPP Rel-18 explained
How to extract value from your 5G network?
5G-Advanced: Expanding 5G for the connected world
The future belongs to zero-energy devices
Harmonizing the use of intents across network and service management
Scaling up AI/ML for cellular radio access
The state of standardization in 2023
Reducing energy use with 5G-Advanced
This whitepaper details the energy savings in RAN (Radio Access Network) as outlined in the 3GPP Release 18.
How 5G is making us rethink UE antenna design
This whitepaper highlights some of the challenges of integrating mmWave antenna solutions into different types of devices within the scope of 3GPP, with a focus on the smart…
A novel approach to radio protocols design for 6G
This paper has highlighted the limits of the one stack approach that has prevailed in earlier generations. Instead, we are proposing a paradigm shift in how radio protocols…
Simplifying spectrum migration from 5G to 6G
This white paper offers an overview of the technical merits and deployment aspects associated with Multi-RAT Spectrum Sharing (MRSS). It draws valuable insights from the…
Tackling the network challenges for XR: Understanding, developing and delivering an E2E XR connectivity solution
This paper provides an overview of today’s network capabilities when serving different types of extended reality (XR) traffic. It outlines the network deployment strategies,…
New pathways to the future via 5G-Advanced
4G and 5G networks are about raising mobile broadband data rates and capacity to make any information instantly accessible. Now 5G-Advanced is set to further evolve what 5G…
A comparison of 4G and 5G authentication methods
3GPP Standards has developed a new authentication framework for the fifth generation (5G) network that significantly improves the security posture compared to previous…
Extreme massive MIMO for macro cell capacity boost in 5G-Advanced and 6G
5G-Advanced and 6G networks aim to provide advanced capabilities from new services, extreme connectivity and security to RF sensing.