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Tech explained

Tech explained

Decoding the technology driving innovation


  • solar panels

    Sustainability is the top benefit of the metaverse at work

    Our recent ‘Metaverse at work’ research, in partnership with EY, saw sustainability consistently called out as the greatest benefit to businesses. Discover how this translates to different use cases and why sustainability is critical for the exponential potential of networks.

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    eHealth: Driving intelligent healthcare

    Health services across the world are grappling with multiple challenges but rapid advancements in ICT have led to hopes of innovative digital solutions that would transform the sector, ushering in a new age of intelligent and connected healthcare.

  • Mission moon

    An inside look at Nokia’s Moon mission

    Nokia is journeying to the Moon where it will deploy the first cellular network on the lunar surface. Its aim is to prove that cellular technologies can meet the critical-communications needs of future missions to the Moon and Mars.

  • circular economy

    The hidden value in your waste

    Humans throw away tons of waste each year but some of that waste still has much to offer. Discover how the circular economy can deliver exponential potential for business and society.

  • The new Nokia logo

    This is Nokia

    This is Nokia – CEO Pekka Lundmark talks about Nokia’s pioneering ‘networks that sense, think and act’, helped by our brand.

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    Network as Code as a path to programmable networks

    Network as Code offers a path to programmable networks for an ecosystem of network providers, developers and enterprises to fully leverage the powerful next wave of advanced and 5G APIs.

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    Dropping anchor at seaport 4.0

    As the world witnesses a tidal wave of emerging technologies, seaports are deploying new connectivity and data-enabled systems in their drive towards digitalization.

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    Winter is coming but can you keep the lights on?

    When you hear the phrase ‘Winter is coming’- what immediately comes to mind? Is it George R. R. Martin's ‘Game of Thrones’ fantasy novels, or do you think about the dark days of winter and how much your energy bill is going to cost? The chances are that this year, it’s the latter.

  • typing

    The changing DDoS threat landscape

    As the internet brings billions of devices online, there has been a perceptible increase in the number of botnet DDoS attacks which pose a major threat to a world heavily reliant on digital communications.

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    When telecom fiber can sense

    Buried in the seabed and in trenches or laid in ducts under city streets and buildings, fiber optic cables not only enable the immense communication of people, devices, and computers but can also potentially act as senors.

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    UNICEF and Nokia boost healthcare access in Indonesia

    When COVID-19 hit Indonesia, using funding from Nokia, UNICEF was able to leverage existing internet and mobile connectivity to provide vital healthcare services to the needy.

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    Laying the tracks for digital railways

    Over the past decade, rail modernization has progressed at a rapid pace but despite that, to remain competitive, complete digitalization of the whole infrastructure is imperative.

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    Digitalization reshaping green energy

    Renewable energy is in the cusp of transformational changes and digital connectivity will play a key role in helping the industry step up to replace fossil-fuel based power generation.

  • Woman Using Laptop While Sitting On Field In Farm

    Employing smart agriculture to feed 10 billion mouths

    As the global population continues to rise steadily, mankind has been confronted with a challenge of epic proportions. How to feed a projected 10 billion people on the planet in 2050?

  • stadium

    Driving new revenue in stadiums with 5G

    Hosting a major international football match is no small task but following the deployment of a 4G LTE and 5G network, Bloomfield stadium in Tel Aviv was successfully able to meet the connectivity expectations of thousands of fans.

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    The time for airports to digitalize is now

    Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, passenger and cargo volumes are going to increase in the future and airports will have to step up and reinvigorate infrastructure and improve efficiency.

  • Securing industrial infrastructure in a digital world

    Securing industrial infrastructure in a digital world

    In their bid to gain efficiency and optimum production levels, industries have shown keenness to adopt the latest advancements in connectivity but what weighs on their minds is the aspect of security.

  • Autonomous systems

    Autonomous systems: the next frontier in cutting-edge technology

    The world is on the cusp of unprecedented technological breakthroughs and among the new crop of intuitive machines are autonomous systems.

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    Can digital ID create a more equal world?

    At a time when personal identification is fast emerging as a prerequisite for social and economic empowerment, the shift towards digital ID, could prove to be a gamechanger.

  • car

    Augmented reality HUD: The next step-up for smart vehicles

    The fusion of Augmented reality (AR) along with the latest innovation in head-up display (HUD) is set to revolutionize the motoring experience by setting new standards in safety and comfort.

  • London as a smart city

    Including the visually impaired in smart cities – a personal view

    Telecom analyst Chris Lewis explains why the connected city is a game-changer for him.

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    Nokia extends broadband to remote Native American tribes in the US

    At an age when high-speed internet is taken for granted, remote tribal nations in the United States have struggled with slow, unreliable connectivity for years.

  • 25G PON gets closer

    25G PON gets closer

    AT&T and other leading communications companies have this week joined the group responsible for defining the specifications for 25 Gigabit Symmetric Passive Optical Network technology.

  • How to undertake a structured CSP to DSP transition

    How to undertake a structured CSP to DSP transition

    The difficulties faced by communication service providers (CSPs) in recent times have been myriad. Nokia believes that the solution lies in CSPs reinventing themselves as digital service providers (DSPs).

  • Know, Now

    Know, Now. Technology, business and societal trends impacting telecommunications in 2021

    Nokia has published six signals to watch in 2021 related to new forms of connectivity, new applications and platforms, and new ways of living.

  • drone

    Drones: Blazing a new flight path

    The 21st century has been witness to a number of disruptive technologies that not only had profound impact but paved the way for further innovation. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) figure high on that list.

  • keys

    Cybercrime in the wake of COVID-19

    The COVID-19 pandemic has not only triggered a global healthcare crisis, but it has also disrupted societies in unprecedented ways. A slew of lockdowns and restrictions on the freedom of movement have forced us to revisit the way we work and live.

  • moon

    Nokia aims for the Moon with LTE/4G

    Humanity’s relentless endeavor to push the boundaries of space exploration is well-documented. From manned missions to probes speeding their way to the farthest corners of the solar system and beyond, the thirst to discover the secrets of the Universe has never been so resolutely demonstrated as it is now.

  • kenya

    Digital learning gains prominence amid COVID-19

    As COVID-19 disrupts societies and irrevocably changes certain aspects of daily life, the education sector has been particularly hard-hit by the fall-out of the pandemic.

  • Real Talk

    Inspiring telco operators to thrive through and beyond the pandemic

    Nokia held its inaugural Real Talk 2020 event on Tuesday, 10 November. Hackers, futurists, technologists and other experts shared their views on what Communication Service Providers’ (CSPs) customers want and need to move through and beyond the pandemic.

  • people in office

    Becoming an ecosystem player: Are you ready?

    Communications service providers (CSPs) keep being told that, to capture new revenues in the 5G era, they need to turn their networks into “digital ecosystems”: open platforms for collaborative value creation. But opening up requires letting go of some control over the end-to-end customer offering — and living with a bit of uncertainty about commercial outcomes.

  • farm

    IoT: unlocking the potential of precision farming

    Hailed as one of the most transformative chapters in the history of wireless communications, the Internet of Things (IoT) is set to unleash a wave of disruptive technologies.

  • If you build it, they will come

    If you build it, they will come

    While the metaverse was one of the hottest tech topics of 2022, it was somewhat surpassed this year by the tsunami of coverage on Artificial Intelligence (AI).

  • Industrial automation and the new-collar job

    Industrial automation and the new-collar job

    The fourth industrial revolution will usher in unprecedented changes in worker augmentation, giving rise to the “new-collar” worker and leading to sizable boosts in overall productivity, efficiency, sustainability – and success.

  • G7-header

    Nokia at the G7 summit side event: Digitalization, infrastructure and trust

    Nokia's President and CEO Pekka Lundmark attended the Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment (PGII) Side Event at the G7 Summit in Hiroshima where he shared the company's perspective on how to make initiatives like PGII and Global Gateway as impactful as possible.

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    Collaborative advantage will unlock new frontiers for connectivity

    Connectivity is all about new frontiers and whether it’s the Metaverse, smart cities, or the Moon, networks powering such ecosystems can only be built through collaborative advantage.

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    Fiber for Everything

    We are entering a new, fiber-for-everything era where fiber means much more than just residential broadband. Fiber broadband networks meet the needs of small, medium and large enterprises as well as industry 4.0, smart cities and 5G mobile transport.  

  • No one can own the metaverse: we need collaboration to build it

    No one can own the metaverse: we need collaboration to build it

    Nokia believes that the metaverse will eventually come to touch every facet of our working and social lives, so much so that no one company can design and build all the elements required.

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    From activities to impact at scale – ESG drives value

    Nokia's enhanced ESG strategy has been developed to accelerate our positive impact, create new value opportunities for our customers, and deliver sustainable value creation for shareholders.

  • Networks that inspire infinite possibilities

    Networks that inspire infinite possibilities

    As an industry we’re looking at a fundamental shift, from focusing on predicting and then meeting demand to building a network that can support human ingenuity in ways no one could have imagined.

  • two engineers examine a digital twin of a wind generator

    Let’s talk metaverses, plural

    There isn’t a single metaverse, rather multiple metaverses catering to consumers, enterprises and industry. When it comes to maturity, the industrial metaverse is leading the pack.

  • article

    Why an open future is essential for networks in 2030

    Nokia’s 2030 vision sees openness spearheading network evolution and helping to build applications and services of the future.

  • Header image 6G

    Nokia’s vision for the 6G era

    From 2030 6G will bring together machines, ambient data, intelligent knowledge systems and robust computation capabilities that will redefine how we live, work and take care of our planet.

  • New header

    Embracing circularity for a sustainable future

    Circular economy promotes the concept of retaining the value of components, products and resources by extending their life cycle and optimizing waste management.

  • Network evolution towards the 6G era

    Network evolution towards the 6G era

    The world has been witnessing rapid technological advances in recent times. Nokia's Technology Vision 2030 looks at the trends and the direction of that change which in turn would guide our future innovation strategy.

  • sky

    Why CSPs need to embrace the 5G Enterprise ecosystem

    5G can be a gamechanger for communication service providers that are eyeing the enterprise sector to generate new revenue streams. But to do so they need to be part of an ecosystem of partners.

  • industry digitalization

    5G and related technologies to drive industry digitalization

    Bell Labs Consulting predicts that a new ecosystem of 5G and related technologies will equip industries with the necessary tools to kickstart the process of digitalization over the next decade.

  • port

    5G will be key to economic recovery post-COVID

    COVID-19 has reshaped consumer behaviours and habits. People now rely on digital solutions to go on with their everyday lives: working and entertainment primarily happen virtually.

  • Fiber broadband explained

    Fiber broadband explained

    Rarely is the fastest also the greenest, but in the case of fiber broadband is it. Find out how in a three-part video series.

  • Fixed Wireless Access

    Fixed Wireless Access explained

    Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) uses radio spectrum to provide wireless broadband connectivity. Deployed where fiber broadband hasn’t or can’t be rolled-out, FWA is an essential tool in bridging the digital divide.

  • Spectrum for 6G explained

    Spectrum for 6G explained

    The successful kickstart of each mobile generation greatly benefits from the availability of new pioneer bands enabling macro-cellular deployments and 6G is no exception.

  • spectrum bands

    5G spectrum bands explained— low, mid and high band

    Everything you need to know about 5G spectrum, millimeter-wave tech, auctions, and what the right spectrum means to you.

  • 800GE

    800GE IP routing explained

    To reap the benefits of digitalization, network operators need state-of-the-art IP routing technology. The answer lies in 800GE which offers vast scale and real-time automation while being cost-efficient and sustainable.

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    MXIE: on-premises OT Edge explained

    To take advantage of mission-critical use cases using private wireless, asset- intensive industries need to process data in real time. Enter Nokia MX Industrial Edge, delivering a high-performance, highly secure way of doing this on premises.

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    Metaverse explained

    Enter the metaverse, a highly interactive three-dimensional virtual domain where real-world conditions can be simulated to create unprecedented opportunities.

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    5G Core explained

    Understanding the need for evolution not revolution, 5G Core is designed to free network innovation and meet evolving customer needs in the most intuitive ways.

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    5G Carrier Aggregation explained

    As the more advanced 5G Standalone networks become commonplace and crucial to supporting cutting-edge applications, 5G Carrier Aggregation will play a vital role in underpinning this significant performance boost.

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    U.S. Broadband Infrastructure Funding explained

    The big story in U.S. broadband is the $97 billion in government funding to ensure no-one gets left behind. Learn more about the key programs.

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    Optical Networks explained

    Fiber optic networks are based on the use of glass strands that can transmit information with practically no limits on distance, or capacity.

  • IP Routing explained

    What is IP Routing?

    IP routing is the application of routing methodologies and transporting the digital bits across an IP network.

  • Multi-protocol Label Switching explained

    What is MPLS?

    Multiprotocol Label Switching is a networking technology that directs data from one node to the next using labels rather than a network address.

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    5G-Advanced explained

    5G-Advanced is set to evolve 5G networks to their fullest capabilities and inject intelligence into the network like never before while placing energy-efficiency at its heart.

  • base station

    Update: Open RAN explained

    The introduction of Open RAN, is the final piece of the unbundling puzzle that enables mobile network operators to use equipment from multiple vendors and still ensure interoperability.

  • Header image

    Making sense of the data deluge with edge computing

    Conventional computing architectures premised on a centralized data center are getting overwhelmed by the deluge of real-time data. The answer lies in edge computing which processes data almost at the source.

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    Explaining SaaS for communication service providers and enterprise

    While a mainstream concept in many industries, Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) is in its early days for communication service providers (CSPs) and enterprises but that is set to change.

  • kid looking into lights

    6G explained

    With every generation of communications technology, the focus of the network changes. In the 6G era, the digital, physical and human world will seamlessly fuse to trigger extrasensory experiences. 

  • firefighter

    Network Slicing explained

    5G brings a quantum leap in speed and throughput of data to the network along with low latency and ultra reliability.

  • city

    5G reduces emissions, explained

    Hear from the Grantham Institute, the World Economic Forum and GSMA how 5G will play a major role in cutting emissions [video].

  • header

    Automation explained

    The world is at a key inflection point whereby intelligent technology is taking over the bulk of the tasks from humans. In such times, the need for networks to scale up is essential and automation can be an important facilitator in that journey.

  • industry

    5G and Private Wireless, the technology enabling Industry 4.0

    We all know 5G will bring lightning-fast mobile broadband. But the phone is the least exciting piece of the story. 5G will provide the connectivity for the fourth industrial revolution which will completely alter the way we live, work and play. 5G will also make it a sustainable revolution.

  • Explaining the rapid uptake of 5G and its real potential

    Explaining the rapid uptake of 5G and its real potential

    5G is rolling out faster than any previous generation of mobile networks and nearly 3 x faster than 4G

  • spectrum

    Spectrum explained

    In January 2021 telco operators committed USD 80.9 billion for the C-Band auction in the U.S. But what is ‘C-Band’, and where does it fit into the wider topic of 5G spectrum auctions?

  • mine

    Private Wireless Explained

    The third industrial revolution (IR) transformed services businesses. The fourth IR will do the same for asset-heavy industries, with private wireless providing the connectivity to power digitalization and automation which increases business efficiency, safety and agility, and shrinks environmental footprint.

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    Private Wireless, 5G and the introduction of Supply Chain 4.0

    Five mega trends are impacting the logistics industry. First, there has been major consolidation over the last decade driven by cost pressures, customer expectation for reduced deliver times and improved quality of service.

  • base station

    Update: Open RAN explained

    The introduction of Open RAN, is the final piece of the unbundling puzzle that enables mobile network operators to use equipment from multiple vendors and still ensure interoperability.

Glossary: Simplifying technology