Nokia and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs) provide a common framework and set of goals for all countries, all industries, all companies and all individuals to achieve a truly sustainable world. For us, goals 8, 9, 13, and 17 are the most material and provide the areas in which we can have the greatest positive impact. Beyond these, we believe the technology we produce can positively contribute to all 17 UN SDGs.
The work we do actively contributes to all 17 SDGs. Some examples can be found below. We believe technology will continue to play a key role in accelerating and achieving all 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals.
1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
We provide technology that connects the unconnected bringing access to information, education, healthcare and greater economic opportunity. In 2019, we delivered technology that improved network capacity, connectivity and coverage in many emerging and other markets with new cooperation announced in countries and territories such as Algeria, Aruba, Brazil, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Rwanda, Sudan, the Marianas, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, and Vietnam.
2. End-hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
Connectivity, IoT applications and sensors, AI, Machine Learning and other new technologies bring faster access to information and greater efficiency across industry and agriculture. For example, our technology has helped a peach farmer in Algeria increase his yields, reduce impact on the environment, and cut irrigation costs.
3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
The digitalization and connectivity of healthcare isalready beginning to yield benefits. For example, as the complexity of IT systems in healthcare grows -robots, telemetry, remote surgery -a reliable, secure network management is essential. Our SDM technology can potentially be used for advanced imaging capabilities, which could offer unique and compelling solutions for the medical market in devices such as endoscopes.
4. Ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning.
The role of education is undeniable in enabling economic prosperity for individuals and countries. Our corporate community investment programs also emphasize the importance of education. In 2019 we continued our work with remedial education in India with the Samridhdhi Trust.
5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
Our ambition remains to have a gender balance that reflects the world around us, and a workplace where both men and women have an equal opportunity to succeed in every function and at every level. In 2019, we moved towards this ambition through changes in our processes, and through education and awareness building, but we also made a significant decision to achieve pay equity by closing the unexplained pay gap.
6. Ensure access to water and sanitation for all.
Our own operations are not heavily water-dependent, we realize that some parts of our supply chain may operate in areas of high water-security risk. We earlier identified supplier categories where water may be a material risk and have begun to address these suppliers with a water assessment program. In 2019, 237 (150 in 2018) of our manufacturing suppliers representing 47% of total spend, completed the CDP water assessment.
7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
Mission-critical communications networks are essential for power utilities. The digitalization of power utilities will bring sustainable power efficiency to enable both increased quality and potential cost savings to end consumers. In 2019 we worked with a range of energy companies and utilities to help them evolve, digitalize and drive efficiency and sustainability in their operations.
8. Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work.
As a global company we have significant direct and indirect economic impact. Our direct economic impact includes for example our purchasing from suppliers, wages and benefits paid to our employees, income taxes paid to the public sector, and community investments. We contribute indirectly to the economy in many ways, but the benefits of the technology we provide deliver our greatest indirect impact. According to the GSMA, in 2018, mobile technologies and services generated $3.9 trillion of economic value (4.6% of GDP) globally, a contribution that will reach $4.8 trillion (4.8% of GDP) by 2023.
9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
This remains the most material SDG for us in the area of improving people’s lives with our technology. It relates directly to the core of our business. The networks we supply to our customers served 6.4 billion subscriptions by the end of 2019, providing access to people everywhere, connecting them to more information, more public services and greater economic opportunities.
10. Reduce inequality within and among countries.
The technology we provide connects the unconnected and helps to bridge the digital divide. We advocate for more urgency on connecting the unconnected through top level engagements in key international fora: for example, in Argentina, we lead the Infrastructure group as part of the World Economic Forum's Internet for All Initiative together with the Secretary of ICT and we hosted a United nations High Level Panel on Digital Cooperation in Helsinki in March 2019.
11. Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
According to 2019 figures 54% of the world’s population live in cities. These figures are projected by many to rise to two thirds of the world’s population living in cities over the coming decades. There will be increasing pressure on city infrastructure, services and quality of life. Technologies such as 5G, Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence and data analytics software are set to drive the development of smart cities that can manage and cope with the growing needs of city living. For example, in Sendai City, Japan we tested the potential use of drones during a tsunami or other disasters to help in prevention and mitigation efforts.
12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
The earth's resources are not infinite. Artificial Intelligence, The Internet of Things, blockchain, and sensors are already being used to bring greater efficiency across industries, greater transparency in supply chains, and improved production, circularity and consumption patterns. A circular approach to business brings more efficient, less wasteful, consumption patterns, while also reducing the use of virgin natural resources. We offer Asset Recovery service to our customers, enabling recycling, reuse and refurbishment of old telecoms equipment, both our own and other manufacturers’.
13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
Perhaps the most significant sustainability challenge in our business and on the planet requires that we put in place the processes, procedures and concrete actions to do our part and through the technology we provide help customers, other industries, individuals and society do their part. For example, beyond our commitment to recalibrate our science-based targets to a 1.5°C warming scenario, in 2019 we also delivered zero emission products to over 150 customers globally.
14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resource.
5G, sensors and analytics will play an increasing role in supporting conservation and sustainability of our seas by providing immediate up-to-date information on the environment status on both land and at sea. For example, we worked with other companies and organizations in Finland to demonstrate how 5G and drones can be used to detect blue-green algae in the Baltic Sea.
15. Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss.
Managing and nurturing forests and lands and protectingthe earth’s biodiversity can be improved by applying technology that provides immediate and constant access to data, analysis, and the tools to quickly react to that data. Protection of our environments also depends on individuals playing their part in their communities. In 2019 we continued our work in India where we have large operations and collaborate with WWF to contribute to rejuvenation, restoration and further conservation of wetlands around the city of Bengaluru.
16. Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies.
Ethical business practices are part of our company culture. Our Code of Conduct provides the framework for how we act and do business internally and externally. We work hard to promote and enable a responsible supply chain, respect for human rights and freedom of expression, as well as ensuring an inclusive workplace. In 2019 we completed our first independent external Human Rights Assessment by the Global Network Initiative.
17. Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.
We work with a range of stakeholders to drive sustainable development forward while creating shared value for all. These include customers, suppliers, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), authorities, governments, other industries and associations.