Combating climate change
Technology will play a key role in fighting climate change and its impacts.
We take responsibility for minimizing our own global footprint but we also aim to maximize our positive impact by driving innovation and digitalization through the technology we create to help industries, cities, supply chains and individuals to reduce their footprints. The mobile communications industry can enable other industries and society to reduce their emissions by up to 10 times more than its own footprint.
Our environmental policy can be accessed here
Our climate commitment
As part of our renewed Science Based Targets (SBTs) we have committed to halve our emissions across our operations and our portfolio between 2019 and 2030 based on 2019 figures. That’s a 50% reduction and with these new targets we fulfil our commitment to realign our earlier science based targets to the 1.5°C warming scenario.
On 19 March 2021, our President and CEO Pekka Lundmark join a group of 13 European telecom CEOs as founding members of the European Green Digital Coalition, and pledged their companies would be climate neutral by 2040 at the latest. Read more here.
Our new science-based commitment to reduce our absolute Scope 1, 2 and 3 greenhouse gas emissions by 50% between 2019 and 2030.
less energy was used on average by the customer base station sites we modernized in 2020 compared to those we did not modernize.
of our key suppliers have set emission reduction targets in 2020 with our encouragement.
Below an overview of our carbon footprint (Scope 1, 2 and 3)
Climate related disclosure
Our climate related disclosures, including risks, opportunities, governance, targets and scenario analysis are aligned according to the guidance of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) in our CDP report which can be found here.
Our footprint - products and operations
The greater portion of our total carbon footprint comes from the use of our sold products, followed by emissions related to our supply chain. We work hard to make the products and solutions we deliver to our customers more efficient in terms of how they are designed and made, the materials that are used, how they operate in terms of energy and resources, how they are transported, built and maintained, and how they are treated at the end of life.
Our portfolio and climate impact
The solutions and technology we design, create and deliver to our customers need to be continuously developed to be more energy efficient during use through improved power management, potential use of renewable energy and innovations in hardware and software design. We also look at product, solution and network level at how to reduce energy use in operation and maintenance through intelligent software such as Artificial Intelligence. Working with suppliers we also aim to reduce the energy used and emissions produced during manufacture. In design, we look at how to use fewer natural resources, fewer and more eco-friendly materials while wherever possible reducing product size and weight to positively impact space requirements and transportation.
Energy efficiency solutions
5G and climate
5G is natively greener than previous generations of mobile technology and can potentially provide 100 times more data traffic with less energy per bit thanks to new standardized efficiency features. 5G is the only radio technology that can help to digitalize societies while also allowing the separation of the growth in data traffic from the potential growth in energy consumption. An energy-efficient 5G deployment strategy is the only way to build the best performing, lowest cost 5G radio networks. 5G radio is by design 100 times more energy efficient than previous generations (Source: ITU-R). We have seen how critical reliable, robust networks are and it is clear that the benefits of these networks to other sectors and parts of society far outweigh any potential increases in their own network energy use.
Climate collaboration with our supply chain
We also work with our supply chain to encourage key suppliers to measure and report their emissions and set climate targets through CDP Supplier Engagement program.
Product materials breakdown
Our products are comprised predominantly of metals which constitute more than 75 percent of the total weight. Below is a breakdown of material types in Nokia products.
Represents material types in most of Nokia products based on product life cycle assessments of typical configurations.
Our handprint - the enabling effect
Digitalization has the capacity to support other industries, cities, societies, supply chains and consumers in reducing their footprint. This is the potential handprint of ICT technologies. For example, the mobile communications industry can enable other industries and society to reduce their emissions by up to 10x more than the mobile industry’s own footprint according to the 2019 GSMA report on The Enablement Effect
5G and the 4th industrial revolution
The fourth industrial revolution will be the first truly sustainable revolution. 5G provides more data capacity per kilowatt of power. Digitalization and automation will enable sustainable sourcing of resources, transportation to market, more resource efficient manufacture, powering, operation and service of all aspects of our new, technological world.
Circularity is a growing approach as part of sustainable development and we are continuously looking at how we can enhance our existing circular approach to our operations. We have circular business model in place through our refurbishment business, which means that we take back or acquire excess and obsolete products from customers and markets, and then repair or refurbish the units for inclusion in the product supply chain for customer purchase or our own internal use.
In 2020, we processed 5 870 metric tons of obsolete products and parts. Of this material, we reused 79 400 items with a combined weight of 570 metric tons, and sent approximately 5 250 metric tons of old telecommunications equipment for energy and materials recovery. 99 percent of the material content in our products can be utilized and only 1 percent needs to be sent to landfill.
We set a new target to reduce our emissions across our operations by 50% from 2019 to 2030. This reset target enables us to contribute to the goal of limiting global warming to 1.5°C. We work to reduce where possible the energy use across our facilities and increase the use of renewable energy to power our offices, labs and other facilities. Our own operations are not water intensive, water is mostly for sanitary purposes, but we still act to limit the daily use of water as much as possible. We also have excellent waste practices in place to ensure we constantly drive for reduction in the waste from our own operations.
Snapshot - environmental achievements in our operations
In 2020, purchased electricity consumption across our facilities decreased by seven percent as compared to 2019. And, 39 percent of total purchased electricity was from renewable sources, as compared to 31 percent in 2019
In 2020, year on year, the total facilities waste decreased by one percent.
In 2020, we reduced the use of new packaging materials by 1 600 metric tons (3 200 in 2019) by reusing transportation packaging.
We are not water intensive in our own operations. In 2020, we used 1 299 000 m3 (1 737 000 m3 in 2019) of water in our facilities. Water use decreased by 26 percent compared to 2019.
We have a global Environmental Management System (EMS) through which we analyze our most significant environmental aspects annually. We take into account current and potential future regulatory and other related requirements, stakeholder interest and requirements, the size of the environmental impact, related risks and opportunities, and current and potential changes in our business. Our own operations, including all business functions, are certified under the ISO 14001:2015 EMS standard to verify compliance to local and regional regulation and to our own environmental requirements. In 2020 the coverage of employees within the scope of that certification was 90 percent.
Design for Environment
Our Design for Environment (DfE) approach helps to ensure we create technologies that incorporate environmentally sustainable principles. Life cycle thinking is a key component of this approach. It helps us reduce our product’s lifetime environmental impact by improving material and energy efficiency and enables compliance with both regulatory and our own requirements. We provide an Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) to our customers for the majority of our products
Our products, including original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) product parts, modules and components must meet the requirements stated in the Nokia Substance List (NSL). Suppliers product documentation must also provide us with a list of any EU REACH candidate substance of very high concern present in a product. Furthermore, products, parts, modules, and components must not contain any substance listed as To be Avoided in our Substance List to the extent technically and economically possible. See more on restricted substances in our REACH declaration.
Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)
Compliance with relevant environmental regulations is an important part of our environmental policy. Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) regulatory programs strive to decrease the environmental impact of covered products by making the manufacturer responsible for the entire life cycle of the product, especially end-of-life (EOL) management through product takeback.