Skip to main content

5G standards leadership

Driving the 5G engine with research and standardization

Driving the 5G engine with research and standardization
Driving the 5G engine with research and standardization

Powered by world-renowned research from Nokia Bell Labs, Nokia has been the forerunner in defining the fundamental technologies for the 5G era.

Nokia uses its leadership position to ensure that 5G technology remains indispensably valuable to people and organizations that use it every day. We are driving standardization efforts to meet consumer, enterprise and industrial requirements not addressed in previous cellular standards, and we are constantly anticipating future needs by innovating new applications enabled by 5G.

We have one of the industry’s broadest and strongest portfolios, with about 4,300 patent families declared essential to cellular standards, including more than 4,000 families for 5G.

Roadmap to 5G standards


Pioneering the fundamental technologies of 5G


5G-Advanced: Expanding 5G for the connected world

Discover how 5G creates new value for consumers and industries


5G Smart sea port: Hamburg Port Authority

Building the 5G highway for connected cars

5G for automotive

5G for manufacturing

5G for manufacturing

5G for immersive media

5G for immersive media

low latency 5g

Low Latency 5G for Professional Audio Transmission

White papers

5G New Radio for spectrum allocations below 5 MHz

This paper describes how new flexibility is being introduced to the 5G NR design as part of 5G-Advanced to allow operation in these dedicated spectrum allocations with bandwidths between 3 and 5 MHz

5G reduced capability devices

In this white paper, we provide an overview of the new device type and describe new complexity reduction and power saving features being introduced to support mid-range IoT use cases. In addition, the white paper presents network coverage analysis to show the impact from the introduction of RedCap devices.

5G empowering Uncrewed Aerial Systems

In this white paper, we highlight the motivation for supporting Uncrewed Aerial Systems (UAS), describe different deployment models and explain the features that were introduced by 3GPP Release 17. We also look at some of the aspects that will be addressed as part of 5G-Advanced in upcoming releases.

5G-Advanced: Expanding 5G for the connected world 

5G-Advanced is set to evolve the 5G system to its fullest capabilities. It will comprise a large set of innovations offering a plethora of benefits for network and system operators, end-users and verticals. As the initial program for 5G-Advanced takes shape in 3GPP, this paper provides an overview of the key technology enhancements to be expected.

How network adaptations for 5G devices will lead to superior battery life 

3GPP has introduced a comprehensive toolbox of device energy saving features in the 5G New Radio (NR) Releases 15–17. The toolbox is the focus of this paper, with an emphasis on the recent enhancements defined in NR Release 17.

5G time service

In this white paper, we explore some of the many possible use cases that can benefit from 5G time synchronization services either if the consumers of time require precise time or the devices are located outdoors or deep indoors.

A comparison of 4G and 5G authentication methods 

In this paper we describe the authentication procedures for 4G (EPS-AKA) and 5G (5G AKA, EAP-AKA prime, EAP-TLS) and provide a comparison of all the variants at each node level.

5G Non-Public Networks

In this white paper, we highlight the motivation for NPN, describe different deployment models and explain the features that were introduced by 3GPP Releases 16 and 17.

Extreme massive MIMO for macro cell capacity boost in 5G-Advanced and 6G 

This white paper presents solutions and technology requirements for providing more capacity with the existing site grid by using more advanced massive MIMO antennas and more spectrum.

Controlling drones over cellular networks

In this short paper we present how cellular networks can provide reliable connectivity to UASs and how high throughput applications from drones can be supported at the same time.

5G New Radio Unlicensed

This white describes how 5G NR-U can help CSP expand coverage and capacity, and enable enterprises, vertical industries, third-party neutral hosts and other new entrants build and operate 5G private networks exclusively using unlicensed frequencies and without the need for an anchor carrier in licensed spectrum.

The Evolution of 5G New Radio Positioning Technologies

Discover how the evolution of 5G New Radio (NR) shows that positioning services are becoming important components of current and future cellular networks.

Low Latency 5G for Professional Audio Transmission

Explore the latency and jitter performance of isochronous audio transmission over 5G URLLC.

HAPS: Connect the unconnected

Gain a view of High-altitude platform stations (HAPS) that are used to supplement terrestrial networks and extend coverage to remote areas.

Communications in the 6G Era

The focus of wireless research is increasingly shifting toward 6G as 5G deployments get underway. At this juncture, it is essential to establish a vision of future communications to provide guidance for that research.

Blog posts

12 September 2022

Nokia as the role model for leading 3GPP standardization

While 3GPP has proven what a successful example of standardization can unlock in the last two decades, it is not free of its own challenges toward 2030. We are working together to ensure 3GPP will be fit for 6G.

29 July 2022

5G-Advanced will change the way we slice, automate and power the network

Some think that operations aren't the most exciting part of networking... but the operational excellence of 5G-Advanced will completely change how we slice, automate, and power networks

7 June 2022

Society cannot cope with the growing demands on 5G without 6GHz

learn the details on how this essential mid-band spectrum can help to fulfill the growing mobile demand, and increase socio-economic benefits.

25 April 2022

5G-Advanced will extend the 5G network’s reach to new devices, industries and places

5G-Advanced will extend the coverage of 5G uplink transmissions. It will support new types of devices that have modest data-rate requirements, and it will bring 5G capabilities to new vertical industries and markets.

25 April 2022

How 5G-Advanced takes radio network performance to the next level

3GPP has approved the 5G-Advanced radio performance features that complete the overall RAN package for Release 18

19 April 2022

5G-Advanced will expand the network’s scope beyond mere communication

With improved capabilities in positioning and timing, 5G-Advanced will transform the network, enabling us to know more than just what is happening, but where and when too.

25 January 2022

5G-Advanced will power mobile XR experiences virtually anywhere

5G-Advanced is taking shape before our eyes. Last month, 3GPP approved many of the items in Release 18, defining the features that will make up 5G-Advanced networks when they first appear in 2025. Now that our target is in sight, we felt it is high time to shine a spotlight on how these features will make 5G-Advanced a truly meaningful evolutionary step in our long cellular journey.

14 December 2021

Now the real work on 5G-Advanced begins

Last month, our Chief Technology and Strategy Officer Nishant Batra laid out an ambitious vision for 5G-Advanced, focusing on what we are calling the four E’s: experience, expansion, extension and operational excellence. This week 3GPP made a critical decision that will help turn Nokia’s 5G-Advanced vision into reality. 3GPP approved the final RAN feature set for the 5G-Advanced in Release 18.

22 November 2021

Four ways 5G-Advanced will transform our industry

Nishant Batra, our Chief Strategy and Technology Officer, kicks off an exciting new Nokia series exploring the ‘’Four E’s” of 5G-Advanced: Supporting new 5G experiences, expanding 5G into new use cases, extending 5G into new areas and boosting 5G operational excellence.

10 September 2021

5G-Advanced’s system architecture begins taking shape at 3GPP

Today we’re getting our first look at the 5G-Advanced system architecture, just as we got our first look at the radio features of 5G-Advanced in July. The Service and System Aspects Technical Specifications Group (TSG SA) this week received submissions from across the industry for new features and plans for Release 18.

14 July 2021

How 5G-Advanced will help quench the world’s growing thirst for capacity

To understand the future of 5G, one only needs to look to South Korea. One of the earliest 5G adopters, South Korea has seen its mobile data usage soar since the introduction of the first 5G smartphone in 2019. According to tefficient, 5G traffic accounts for more than 50% of the total mobile data traffic in the country after only two years.

2 July 2021

Here's our first real glimpse at 5G-Advanced | Nokia

Today 5G-Advanced began to take shape. Companies across the breadth of the telecom industry this week discussed the first submitted proposals to the 3GPP RAN Release 18 workshop, giving us our first preview of what to expect in 5G’s next important evolutionary step. The first 5G-Advanced networks won’t appear until 2025, but, based on the commonalities among the 500 proposals submitted, we can start painting a picture of the features and use cases that will be supported.

16 June 2021

Now it is time for drones to connect to mobile networks

Cellular networks today already can provide secure and reliable connectivity for drones, but future 3GPP enhancements will make those connections more reliable and allow drone applications to scale further. That means once the regulator landscape changes, our 4G and 5G networks will be ready to take on their new role connecting the drones that fly through the skies.

25 April 2021

Creativity and passion drive Devaki Chandramouli in her standards work

Devaki Chandramouli is known for her ability to navigate the difficult terrain of technology standardization with ease. As the head of North American Standardization at Nokia, Chandramouli sets Nokia’s standards and industry-environment strategy in the region.

10 March 2021

5G will open new possibilities in positioning

5G New Radio (NR) Positioning is evolving as a key feature that enables the operator of a 5G network to position devices for both indoor and outdoor applications with much better accuracy and reliability than those of previous generations.

15 December 2020

5G and the sustainable future: a look to 2025

Increasing global sustainability is one of the many areas in which an evolving 5G will help. Virtual collaboration, economic resiliency and the digital divide are complex challenges. By taking the right steps now, organizations can build the secure 5G infrastructure we will need to resolve those challenges now and in the years ahead — harnessing new service profiles, precise location and time data, and affordable global connectivity to make our world more sustainable in 2025 and beyond.

24 November 2020

6G technology leadership in the US

Even though 5G networks are rolling out at a rapid pace around the world, the race to 6G has already begun. But this race is a marathon, not a sprint.

As an avid technologist, I believe that this is an exciting time as the industry is gearing up for 6G research while simultaneously enhancing 5G capabilities with 3GPP releases. Technology research is shifting focus towards 6G with a view of commercialization around 2030.

23 January 2020

Building the 5G highway for connected cars

The freedom of the road has been cherished by many people for a long time, yet with increasing environmental pollution, growing road accidents and the sheer waste of time spent in traffic jams, it’s no wonder people are beginning to re-think how we get around.

Hear from our experts

Your guide to 5G-Advanced

The network is constantly evolving and 5G-Advanced is the next step on the long journey to 6G. Nokia’s Matthew Baker explains the full range of value this will bring – from improved consumer XR to reducing carbon emissions.

5G-Advanced in 3GPP Rel-18 explained 

This is the first webinar in a series with Nokia 3GPP experts, painting a picture of 5G-Advanced’s radio and system architectures and providing a view of the upcoming 3GPP release schedule. Deep-dive into how 5G-Advanced.

5G-Advanced explained

Watch Nokia’s Matthew Baker, Head of Radio Physical Layer and Co-existence Standardisation, discuss how 5G-Advanced will provide improved experience for humans and machines, extensions for new use cases, and expansions to offer new functionalities. All powered by innovations that provide operational excellence.

How to extract value from your 5G network?

5G-Advanced discussions with research experts Harri Holma, Antti Toskala.

Release 16 - RAN progress

Balazs Bertenyi explains the major successes achieved in Rel-16.

5G evolution

Learn about the evolution of 5G and how Nokia is a leading force in its standardization.