Skip to main content
neutral hosts

Neutral hosts

Building your digital future together


Opportunities in digital infrastructure

The telecom landscape is changing. New dynamics are in place, fueled by an abundance of private and public investment in digital infrastructure, evolving regulations, CSP strategies and ESG objectives. It’s a chance for infrastructure companies to expand their role and explore new digital opportunities.

Deploying high-performance networks will benefit consumers and enterprises with solutions enabling various experiences. Infrastructure companies – such as TowerCos, FiberCos and data center companies – can play a critical role in this deployment.

By offering CSP and enterprise customers an innovative win-win model, they can provide multi-tenant, multi-domain infrastructure as a service at significantly reduced costs to boost or accelerate network deployments. Private Equity (PE) firms lead this business model shift, injecting considerable capital into “hard” network infrastructure.

What is the Neutral Host model?

In a Neutral host model or wholesale model, infrastructure companies lease their infrastructure assets to multiple tenants, recouping their network build costs by hosting various CSPs on the same foundation. This shared infrastructure model enables the following:

  • Accelerated availability of advanced CSP services, such as in-building 5G connectivity, Gigabit fiber broadband and expansion of 5G coverage to under-served areas
  • Environmentally-sound alternative to individual operator deployments in dense areas, such as in-building, venues, or outdoor urban settings
  • Private 5G network operation for enterprises 
  • Simplified access to edge computing capabilities, unlocking critical, latency-sensitive and massively data-consuming applications in various industries such as healthcare, logistics, automotive, and manufacturing

TowerCos, FiberCos and datacenter companies operating in a neutral host model are constantly scouting the horizon and building proofs of concept for tomorrow’s use cases, forging partnerships for accelerated profitability maximization. Learn more about Neutral hosts in this article on the Neutral Host model.

What types of companies use a Neutral Host model?


CSPs divesting their infrastructure assets to form a new independent Network Company or NetCo. The CSP, therefore, becomes a Service Company (ServCo) and leases the infrastructure from the spun-off NetCo. In turn, the NetCo opens its network for wholesale/open access, allowing the onboarding of other service providers on their infrastructure.


Tower companies (TowerCos) lease space on their towers to CSPs seeking to complement their coverage. Consolidating this segment and the ambition to diversify their business is pushing TowerCos to explore new multi-tenant use cases such as Connectivity-as-a-Service, RAN-as-a-Service, or Edge Cloud-as-a-Service, where they can take advantage of their highly distributed diverse asset base.


Fiber companies (FiberCos) own fiber networks and lease fiber capacity to CSPs and ISPs in a wholesale model. Open access networks are an attractive way for FiberCos to improve the monetization of their transport and/or access fiber networks by leasing active connectivity services and termination equipment (ONT/OLT) to operators.


Data center companies lease space for servers in their premises to enterprises, webscalers and CSPs. They’re instrumental in multi-cloud and Edge deployments and are evolving toward the active domain by offering their tenants storage, compute and connectivity services.

How can Neutral Host companies evolve to active services?

Traditionally, the core business of Neutral hosts, or infrastructure companies (InfraCos), has been the basic colocation of “passive” infrastructure assets in a wholesale model, where they are leasing space for antennas on a tower or servers in a data center. Now, they’re digitally transforming and exploring new, more complex “active” offerings, which constitute elements of a Network-as-a-Service portfolio.

This evolution of the digital infrastructure business toward adopting new use cases allows Neutral hosts to maximize the monetization of their infrastructure assets and drive the increase of their tenancy ratios.

These can take the Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) model, offering parts of their infrastructure as a service to the CSPs or enterprises, e.g., dark fiber leasing. Moving further up the chain, these offerings can take the Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) model, where InfraCos – in a similar business model to webscalers – offer an active network as a platform on which CSPs can provide their content and services to consumers and enterprises.

Eventually, Neutral hosts will become an integral part of an ecosystem, together with CSPs and webscalers, providing high-end active connectivity to end users, enabling the Metaverses for consumers and enterprises.  

evolving infrastructure companies

Exploring the Neutral Host model | Fireside chat with Nokia's Pasi Toivanen & Michel Chbat

Join Pasi Toivanen, VP, NI Enterprise & Partner Success, Nokia and Michel Chbat, Segment Lead, Neutral Hosts & Digital Equity, Nokia as they discuss the emerging…

As an industry leader for Neutral hosts, Nokia is your trusted partner for digital transformation

Our mission is to help Neutral hosts in their digital transformation to evolve toward a profitable platform-as-a-service model that will benefit the whole telecom industry.

A solution provider

Market leading solution portfolio

  • #1 in fiber access
  • #1 in telco software
  • #2 in telecom infrastructure
  • Tailored multi-domain, multi-tenancy solutions

A trusted advisor

Business and technical expertise

  • Recognized thought leader with decades of experience
  • Leading role in standards bodies
  • Broad portfolio of consultancy (Bell Labs) and managed services

A business facilitator

Building the right ecosystems

  • Supplying leading operators, webscales, vertical segments and governments worldwide
  • Engaged with 30+ Private Equity funds
  • Stimulating a broad telecom industry ecosystem

Protecting your investment in the long term


Secure your long term growth at global scale with a company with the highest integrity standards


Validate your strategic decisions leveraging our understanding of the digital infrastructure ecosystem


Guarantee long term product continuity with our solid roadmap driven by leading operators requirements


Remove operational complexity and unpredictability with our turnkey solutions, automation and managed services

Ready to talk?

Please complete the form below.

The form is loading, please wait...