Skip to main content

Implement private wireless

Connect all your industrial machines, IoT sensors, autonomous vehicles and connected workers with high bandwidth, low latency, ultra-reliable and secure wireless.


A key element of Industry 4.0 implementations, 4.9G/LTE and 5G are providing the next generation of private wireless networks for our connected world.

In order for the power of AI, machine learning and automation to be leveraged by industry, mines, utilities and smart cities, they will need highly reliable and secure wireless connectivity. Private wireless provides a single network for all business-critical OT applications. It supports low-latency machine-to-machine communications, low-power IoT sensors, mission-critical voice and video radio communications and legacy serial communications for SCADA and other control systems.

Current private/enterprise connectivity including CAT cabling and IT-based wireless systems, such as Wi-Fi, cannot meet these requirements on their own. These systems will need to be supplemented or fully replaced by private wireless based on 4G.9/LTE and 5G.

On this page

Take your business from untethered to unstoppable

Easy to deploy

Deploying the Nokia private wireless solution isn’t much different than a Wi-Fi network, but there are a few extras to consider. The basic requirements for a private wireless network are a radio network (RAN), a core network, a backhaul network, and access to licensed, shared or unlicensed radio spectrum.

Radio access points provide coverage of your outdoor and indoor spaces, similar to Wi-Fi, but you will need far fewer. Unlike Wi-Fi, there is a core network, which is the key to the mobility aspect, security and maintaining quality-of-service parameters. Depending on the size of your site, it can even run on a small desktop-sized edge server deployed in a server room.

The backhaul network is no different than what you would use to connect Wi-Fi access points, whether cabled Ethernet, passive optical LAN and/or microwave depending on the application and the distances served.

Easy to deploy

How can I deploy private networks?

Total cost of ownership (TCO)

For most industrial applications, the total cost of ownership (TCO) for private wireless is better than Wi-Fi, because it provides more capacity, much wider coverage and a connectivity layer able to operate in challenging radio conditions typical of industrial environments.

Private wireless requires far fewer access points to cover the same area, which means less supporting infrastructure, as well (power, cabling, poles, etc.). Engineering and planning the radio coverage is also much less expensive because of the characteristics of the radio spectrum used. Finally, you can consolidate all of your current networks on a single 4.9G/LTE or 5G network, for significant operational cost savings.

We suggest using our TCO calculator to see what would be best for your situation.

Accelerate digital transformation, optimise TCO

Is private wireless expensive?

Choosing a private wireless partner

There are many ways to get our private wireless solution, whether directly from Nokia or from our large range of partners. For example, your existing mobile service provider may have a private wireless offering from Nokia, and there are other partners such as the many system integrators we work with.

Nokia has recognized that enterprise needs vary, thus we have two private versions of our Industrial-grade Private Wireless solution. The Nokia Digital Automation Cloud (DAC) provides an integrated plug-and-play private wireless service solution and a digital automation platform with ready-to-run applications. Our Modular Private Wireless (MPW) solution offers all the elements needed to create a bespoke private wireless solution that is either completely autonomous or in a variety of hybrid configurations with third-party providers such as mobile operators.

Private wireless partner

How can I get a private network?

More spectrum options available every day

Private wireless spectrum for industrial use is now available in many countries, and this is expected to grow. Many governments around the world are releasing spectrum specially designated for private networks. In Britain, Germany and Japan, private spectrum is only available for 5G, elsewhere it is also available for 4.9G/LTE. In the US, the CBRS initiative by the FCC, is based on spectrum that is shared with other organizations. The unique sharing schema is likely to be copied by other countries.

For those countries that don’t have dedicated private spectrum for industry, there are many other solutions. Nokia has a range of CSP partners willing to lease spectrum (and you can ask your favorite CSP if they offer Nokia private wireless solutions). Finally, you can even deploy a private solution in the 5.x GHz unlicensed spectrum range with Multefire that, provides a standardized LTE-based unlicensed technology and is available from Nokia.

What do I need to know about radio spectrum?

What do I need to know about radio spectrum?

4.9G/LTE or 5G?

Private wireless based on trusted 4.9G/LTE can support almost all industrial use cases today and benefits from a large ecosystem of industrial devices, sensors and compatible systems.

For a few countries, licensed private spectrum is only available for 5G, otherwise 4.9G/LTE is the preferred choice at this time. It has a very developed industrial device ecosystem, with over 6,800 LTE-enabled non-phone-form-factor devices, and many industrial systems come with built-in 4.9G/LTE modems. Private wireless networks based on 4.9G/LTE will support 85 percent of industrial use cases and gives you a competitive advantage, as you can start your Industry 4.0 transformation today. You will be able to easily add 5G when the 5G industrial ecosystem has matured.

Along with our TCO calculator, we’ve made a number of links available on this page if you are interested in exploring the different considerations around private wireless in more depth.

Should I wait for 5G or implement 4.9G?

Should I wait for 5G or implement 4.9G?

Nokia Private Wireless Podcast Audio Library

Audio guide to the reliable wireless connectivity Industry 4.0 demands

Speak with an expert about our Industrial-grade private wireless solutions

Please complete the form below.