Voice over 5G (Vo5G) core
Build IMS voice communications into your new 5G services
Voice communications are essential to service providers’ bundled offers. Mobile subscribers expect it as a given component of their plans, and it plays a role in many of the new data services enabled by 5G. Successful launches of new 5G technology must include a plan for embedding voice into 5G services. Voice communications are provided by an IMS core for Voice over LTE (VoLTE) and Voice over New Radio (VoNR). Introduction of VoNR is made smoother if the operator has already deployed LTE and VoLTE extensively.
5G Voice: There are two ways for operators to leverage voice in 5G.
- VoLTE: When no 5G Core is deployed, the operator can rely on the underlying VoLTE network including LTE Radio, EPC and IMS to deliver Voice for 5G users while 5G eMBB services are delivered through 5G Radio and the enhanced LTE/EPC.
- Vo5G/VoNR: When 5G Core is deployed, voice is leveraged using the 5G Core functions and IMS, while the 5G use cases are delivered by the NR and the 5G Core.
On this page:
- The future of voice services as heading to Voice over NR (VoNR)
- Deployment scenarios supporting Voice over 5G
- Readying your VoLTE network for successful 5G voice implementation
- Why VoLTE is a critical enabler for 5G voice services
- The enterprise opportunity for Communications Service Providers to provide tailormade 5G voice services
- The 5G ecosystem for voice networks to build and embed voice services to 5G use cases
Converged Voice Services
Smooth Evolution to Voice over 5G with IMS core
The future of voice services as heading to Voice over NR (VoNR)
In a 5G world, voice services will depend on the presence of an IMS core network regardless of the deployment path. 5G will enable a wide range of truly novel applications where voice will play an important role. Voice is also a key component of 5G service bundles that form attractive, full featured offers to customers.
Deployment scenarios supporting Voice over 5G
There are several options for deploying 5G and the way voice service is provided will depend on which option is chosen.
Nonstandalone (NSA) Option 3x is used in early 5G deployments. Voice services are provided in this approach by the existing 4G VoLTE network. The 5G connection is used for data only.
Standalone (SA) Option 2 requires deploying the 5G Core. Voice services remain in 5G, along with data services.
In every deployment option, the 3GPP IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is used as the technology basis to provide voice and video communication services over respectively LTE for option 3x and 5G for option 2. Planning for 5G introduction always includes a discussion around IMS and preparation of the existing 2G, 3G, or 4G network. Initial deployments begin with EPS Fallback, followed by the introduction of VoNR.
Implementing EPS fallback or VoNR in Standalone 5G core
Readying your VoLTE network for successful 5G voice implementation
5G must be fully integrated with existing legacy technologies. Tight 5G/LTE integration is essential to maintain high quality voice services and to ensure seamless call continuity when users move between different access technologies. Voice over 5G (Vo5G) and VoLTE are just different ways to access the same IMS-based voice services. This means that any investments you make in today’s IMS-based VoLTE will support future Vo5G services.
Why VoLTE is a critical enabler for 5G voice services
Deploying VoLTE is strategically important and is typically part of the migration of voice services from 3G and legacy CS mobile networks to the 4G LTE network. VoLTE is based on the IMS architecture, so the rise of VoLTE also coincides with Communication Service Provider (CSP) adoption of IMS.
Paper: Why VoLTE is a critical enabler
Widespread LTE coverage is one of the main enablers of the rapid growth of Voice over LTE (VoLTE).
The enterprise opportunity for Communications Service Providers to provide 5G voice services
5G combines Service Based Architecture (SBA) and cloud-native software with open interfaces and network slicing. These key concepts come together to deliver the flexibility, granularity and scalability that allow CSPs to create highly customized virtual networks for individual enterprise needs. Voice will remain an important part of enterprise communications, complementing additional services that will emerge.
The 5G ecosystem for voice networks to build and embed voice services to 5G use cases
Voice may be integrated as a component of new 5G services or become part of a bundled CSP package. 5G core openness and programmability through open Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) exposed by our Network Exposure Function (NEF) enables creating services for new vertical segments and enriching their consumer and enterprise offers. A wide range of API sets may be involved for service creation to enable the voice network evolution. Our Telephony Application Server (TAS) provides multiple IMS application server roles to deliver high quality voice, video and messaging services for all mobile and fixed networks.
Evolving mobile voice services to converged voice with 5G core including Voice over Wifi (VoWifi)
The access agnostic 5G core supports fixed and wireless connectivity that includes licensed, unlicensed, 3GPP and non-3GPP technologies, to deliver converged voice services. Nokia IMS-based product portfolio gives field-proven, efficient and robust voice and multimedia services with any access type including Voice over Wifi (VoWifi) using one voice core.