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Our ESG strategy

The five ESG focus areas

At Nokia we believe that there is no green without digital. We believe that ESG is a driver of value creation and new revenue streams. Our ambition as first movers is to create new competitive opportunities while creating tangible environmental and social benefits. We have built on five strategic focus areas in our ESG strategy:

Environment (climate and circularity)

We look to reduce our footprint and help others reduce their footprint. Our ambition is to be the leader in energy efficiency and circular practices. 

(climate & circularity)

We have our greatest positive impact on peoples lives and the planet through our products and solutions.  Our technology provides the tools to help resolve the worlds fundamental challenges for industry, society and individuals. 

Our ambition is to be the leader in energy efficiency in silicon, software, and systems, providing the networks and operations skills to scale smart energy solutions. We also intend to accelerate our first mover ambition in energy efficiency in 5G-Advanced and 6G through early engagement in standardization and ecosystem development

We apply a circular approach, reducing the environmental impacts of our operations and products during the design, creation, transportation, use and end-of-life phases. 


Reducing energy consumption in our chipsets


Nokia’s ReefShark System on Chip (SoC) technology enables up to a 75% reduction in energy consumption compared to previous generations. It enables smaller, lighter products and remote operation to avoid physical site visits and network drive testing which further reduce emissions.


Our Quillion chipset reduces power consumption for broadband access products by more than 50% compared to the industry average. Quillion based solutions use 50%less power in Optical Line Terminal (OLT) than previous generations and are two years ahead of the European Union Code of Conduct for Broadband Communication Equipment targets – helping operators to meet their emissions goals.


Our FP5 network processor offers a 75% reduction in power consumption compared to previous generations In fact, Nokia and BT are further collaborating on highly scalable, power efficient IP networks. FP5 is the new heart of Nokia’s IP service routing platforms. Nokia has also added support for high density 800G routing interfaces, new embedded line rate, flow-based encryption capabilities, and a 75% reduction in power consumption compared to previous generations, which supports BT’s sustainability objectives to run the most power efficient network in the UK.

Industrial digitalization

Industry 4.0 will use digitalization and automation to sustainably source resources, move them to market, manufacture, power, operate and service all aspects of our new, technological world, including the management of our cities and the well-being of people and the planet.

We are excited by the opportunities in digitalization enablement, cloud-based service delivery and partnership-driven use case solutions to drive net-zero in key industries.  

industrial digitalization

Nokia’s Oulu factory in Finland is a fully digitalized factory

Increasing factory output sustainably

It incorporates all 5G+ technologies to drive machining and assembly using robotics, autonomous transportation through mobile robots, advanced quality control methods, including video analytics, and maintenance schedules driven by Augmented Intelligence/ Machine Learning recommendations based on real-time asset condition data. 

Our factory has been recognized as a world economic forum light house, which through connectivity, robotics, automation and digitalization has increased factory output by 250% whilst maintaining the same level of resources and energy consumption.  We saw a reduction of energy consumption per produced product by 54% and 70% of CO2 emissions have been avoided. In addition, both process defects and product time to market were reduced by half. 

Security and privacy

Security and privacy are part of everything we do. By design through delivery, and without compromise, we ensure your network is seamlessly secure.

  1. We protect your information as rigorously as we protect our own
  2. We are transparent in our security practices
  3. We embed security into all our products and services
  4. We will inform you promptly of any serious product or service issues that affect you
  5. We independently validate our security practices

We are constantly working to improve our threat and attack prevention, detection and response capabilities. 

Through the work of Nokia Bell Labs security research, as well as experts across the company we offer an innovative portfolio as well as end-to-end product testing. 

Security and privacy

End-to-end optimization

Product life cycle

Security and privacy are an intrinsic part of the product life cycle and fully integrated into our design process. It is present and evident at every level and every stage. We have developed a Nokia Design for Security process that enables product security features and controls to identify, mitigate and manage security vulnerabilities.

Making 5G networks secure demands end-to-end optimization of security operations from devices to radio sites and network core. This is why 5G radio security cannot be an afterthought.

Bridging the digital divide

Communications technologies provide access to healthcare, education and greater economic opportunity, digitalization of business and contribute to a more equitable, secure society, and a cleaner, safer planet. The pandemic highlighted the importance of connectivity and removed the sticking plaster on the old wound of digital divide. 

  • Ensuring access to learning and digital skills for children and students is clearly critical especially in times of crisis.
  • Ensuring capacity to support large-scale remote working became a basic requirement.

There are four key barriers to digital inclusion: lack of access to connectivity, insufficient network quality, affordability and lack of digital content and skills. Nokia has a role to play in “network quality” and affordability based on our broad product portfolio offering. We look to connect the unconnected. 

Bridging the digital divide

Delivering 4G FWA to rural California school district

Providing secure, reliable, high-performance internet access

The school district has five campuses and serves 5,000 residents. It is located in the predominantly rural San Joaquin Valley in California, making this project a key step in closing the digital divide, a problem for millions across the U.S. as emphasized during the pandemic.

An estimated 9 million U.S. students lack both adequate devices and internet access, according to a report by Common Sense Media, and as distanced learning became the new normal, these students undoubtably were at a disadvantage. It leverages NDAC and FastMile FWA and this first phase will provide secure internet broadband access to the homes of 2400 students.

Responsible business

We take a proactive and values-driven role in driving responsible business practices internally and in our value chain. We are committed to the principles and values laid out in the International Bill of Human Rights (including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and its related covenants), the International Labor Organization’s (ILO) Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, Organisation for the Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) guidelines for Multinational Enterprises. 

We work with our suppliers to proactively engage on systematic issues related to modern slavery/ forced labor and working conditions. We conduct responsible minerals due-diligence in line with OECD Guidelines and provide  thorough overview of our due-diligence steps and results in our Conflict Minerals report.

We have also created new avenues for engagement and collaboration with our customers through the new ESG Customer Advisory Council, and we have robust policies in place for the responsible use of our technology.

Conducting our business with integrity

Responsible business

Doing the right thing when it comes to human rights

Accelerate digitalization 

We believe that there are three fundamental requirements for industry and society to succeed in enabling innovative technology solutions.

Connect now

Connectivity and digitalization play a key role in making industries and communities more productive, resource efficient and equitable.

Embrace collaboration

No single company, country or organization can achieve widespread digitalization alone. To move faster we need to move together.

Develop sustainable ecosystems

All parties must play their part, including governments, policymakers and financial markets to drive.