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Maximizing our positive impact


We feel that it is essential that we support our customers maintain energy consumption at a sustainable level. We also help our customers support circular economies and we promote the use of renewable energy.

Reducing energy consumption of our products is a priority for us, as the major environmental impact of base stations comes from electricity consumption in the use phase. However, when only looking at the energy consumption of our products, we have measured that our products consume now 21% less energy compared to the products sold in 2014. In addition,  energy efficiency improvements take big leaps when a totally new technology generation is taken into use. Check out some examples in our People & Planet Report 2015, page 83.

We are committed to finding new ways to reduce energy consumption to offer the best products and solutions for our customers.

We incorporate environmental requirements already in the design phase

Our product development processes incorporates the following design-for-environment principles:

  • Minimize material and energy use
  • Minimize the use of materials detrimental to the environment
  • Design equipment to be easily or remotely maintainable, or maintenance free
  • Maximize reuse and recycling.

Designers adhere to environmental requirements, which are frequently updated. Guidelines exist for all designs, products, parts, modules, components, batteries, and packaging materials. The guidelines include a list of substances and materials that are banned or restricted in our products for environmental reasons.

We track the substances used in the parts and components of our products

As a manufacturer of complex and technologically advanced products, it is important to have systems in place to track the substances used in their parts and components.  We list substances falling under restrictions in the Nokia Networks Substance List. The list also includes monitored substances that are under discussion to be restricted or phased out in the future.

The substance list is integrated into our Design for Environment (DfE) requirements and product development processes. We include the substance list in our purchasing process as a reference document for our suppliers, and require them to provide us with the material content of the parts and components they deliver. This forms part of our global purchasing terms and conditions, an essential part of our contracts with suppliers.

We measure product energy efficiency

We measure product energy efficiency, by following the European Telecommunications Standards Institute’s (ETSI) standard and  to ensure our products are comparable with similar products on the market, our new product releases are analyzed according to the ETSI ES 202 706 standard.

We launch products that help meet the demands of data traffic growth in a sustainable way

Our Flexi base stations already increase a base station site’s energy efficiency significantly by allowing outdoor operations at temperatures up to 55 degrees Celsius, without any additional cooling which is responsible for up to 50% of the energy consumption of a base station site.

The Zero CO2 emission base station site offering, which includes  more than 20 products and services for our Single RAN Advanced portfolio, helps  to achieve up to a 70% reduction in base station site’s energy consumption, creating a significant driver for modernizing base station sites. With the  significantly lower energy consumption, the use of solar, wind and fuel cell renewable energy sources become a viable option for powering a base station site, making it possible to achieve even zero CO2 emissions.


Operators can move towards zero emissions through a combination of base station improvements and the use of renewable energy sources. Improvements in energy efficiency can be achieved for example by using antenna systems that save space, reduce feeder losses, and simplify installation and maintenance; by choosing batteries that use renewable energy sources, and by using software that manages energy consumption in radio units.  You can read more about Zero CO2 emission here

Our recent launches include the AirScale Base Station which consumes zero energy in its radio parts when there is no traffic. You can read more about the AirScale Base Station here

We reuse or recycle old telecom equipment

Our Asset Recovery Service covers Nokia Networks products as well as other vendors’ telecom equipment. Our customers can purchase a complete service from the collection and buyback or trade in of pre-owned equipment to e-waste recycling and reporting, depending on their needs and requirements.

Before recycling equipment we inspect it to see if it can be reused. Old equipment that is no longer needed can often be used to refurbish and extend the lifetime of customer networks, helping to conserve virgin resources. 

We check the equipment at our refurbishment center to ensure that all reused material is of the highest quality, and once it has been checked and approved it is given a Nokia warranty.

We subcontract the treatment of equipment that is not reused to authorized recycling companies that take care of the complete recycling process and provide transparent key performance indicator (KPI) reporting.

Some parts, such as batteries, require special handling, and they are sent to specific recyclers. Other material is preprocessed, for example by shredding, and recyclable materials are further processed by smelters or sent for remanufacturing. The very small volume of materials that cannot be recycled are either used as energy in the recycling process or sent to specialist landfill.

Find out more about our Asset recovery service here, or send an email to

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